The Institut Pasteur Charter for Open Access to Publications
The Institut Pasteur's Open Science Monitor
According to this barometer, 86% of Pasteurian publications published in 2020 were open access in December 2021. In comparison, at the national level, 62% of French publications published in 2020 were in open access in 2021 (all fields).
The cOAlition S and Plan S: new requirements from research funders
Launched in September 2018, cOAlition S brings together European (European Commission) and national funders (including ANR, the French National Research Agency). It counts many supporters, including the Wellcome Trust, the Gates Foundation and the WHO.
Its general principles are grouped in Plan S, which requires immediate open access to scientific publications (from 2021). To allow the reuse of these publications, they must be under a Creative Commons open license (CC-BY) and immediatly open (no embargoes are allowed). To meet these requirements, several options are available:
- Publication in Open Access journals or Open Access publishing platforms, in CC-BY ;
- Deposit of publications in open archives, in CC-BY and without embargo (this option requires the application of the Rights Retention Strategy).
In France, the National Research Agency (ANR), which is part of the cOAlition S, has required since 2019 that all publications resulting from the projects it funds be posted in HAL, the national open archive. In its 2022 Action Plan, ANR plans to implement the Rights Retention Strategy initiated by the cOAlition S. With this strategy, all the publications resulting from the projects funded by ANR (at least the author accepted manuscript) will have to be deposited with the CC-BY license or equivalent in HAL, immediately after publication.
ANR has been joined by four other French funders (ADEME, ANRS, INCA, ANSES) which now request the deposit in HAL, following the signature in 2020 of a joint statement in support of Open Science.