Committing to Open Science

The Institut Pasteur has been acting in favor of Open Science by adopting two founding texts in May 2021: a Charter for Open Access to publications and a Policy for the management and sharing of research data and software code.

Open science: a strategic objective of the Institut Pasteur

The Institut Pasteur has supported Open Science since the signing of the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in 2004. This commitment to Open Science has since been formalised in the 2019-2023 Strategic Plan, one of whose goals is to promote Open Access to publications and research data.

By adopting two new policies in May 2021, the Institut Pasteur makes its commitment concrete and shows its will to be in line with the global movement for Open Science in order to:

  • facilitate the sharing and reuse of data, publications and software codes according to the FAIR principles (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable),
  • improve the efficacy of research and speed up innovation by facilitating the reuse of results,
  • democratize access to the results of honest and quality research,
  • advance knowledge as a common good for humanity.

The Charter for Open Access to Publications

Institut Pasteur - Charter for Open Access to Publications

The Institut Pasteur aims at reaching 100% of the year's publications in Open Access from 2021 onwards.

With the Charter for Open Access to publications, the Institut Pasteur requires their researchers to:

  • publish in CC-BY and without embargo, either in a native Open Access journal or by applying the rights retention strategy
  • deposit their publications in the HAL-Pasteur open archive

The Charter goes along with a practical guide to answer questions about Open Access and HAL.

The charter was developed as part of a project led by the CeRIS.

Contact: hal-pasteur@pasteur.fr

 

The policy for the management and sharing of research data and software code

This Policy sets out the Institut Pasteur's guidelines on the management and sharing of research data and software code. It aims to facilitate the sharing and reuse of data and software code according to the FAIR (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable) principles.

It summarises the best practices to be implemented throughout the research process and refers to fact sheets that give scientists the operational resources they need to implement these best practices.

This Policy was developed as part of a collaborative, transversal project led by the CeRIS and the Data Management Core Facility.

Contact: rdm-policy@pasteur.fr

 

The Institut Pasteur's Open Science Monitor

According to the Institut Pasteur's Baromètre de la Science Ouverte (Open Science Monitor), 85% of the Pasteurian publications published in 2020 were available in open access in July 2021.

 

Share of 2020 publications that are open access (measured in 2021)

 

Institut Pasteur - Baromètre Institut Pasteur de la Science Ouverte - proportion des publications 2020 en accès ouvert

85,1 % of publications are available in open access (Accès ouvert global) : both green and gold OA publications, as well as free-to-read publications through publisher's websites (although re use isn't free).

72,3 % of publications are available in gold OA (publisher hosted OA):

  • Publisher and open repository (Editeur & Archive ouverte) (66,2 %): publications in open access journals under Creative Commons (CC) licenses allowing to post publisher's PDF on an open repository.
  • Publisher (Editeur) (6,1%): publications in gold OA that haven't been posted on an open repository or publications that are free to read on the publisher website.

79 % of publications are available in green OA (repository hosted OA):

  • Open repository (Archive ouverte) (12,8 %): publications that are available through an open repository (author accepted manuscripts) and whose access is charged on the publisher website.
  • Publisher and open repository (Editeur & Archive ouverte) (66,2 %): publications in gold OA also posted on an open repository.

     

    The methodology built to create this tool was based on the code developed by the French Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation for the calculation of the French Open Science Monitor [1]. This code was then adapted by the University of Lorraine to be easily reused by Higher Education and Research institutions [2].

    For the Institut Pasteur, data were retrieved in July 2021 from HAL [3] and Web of Science. The Unpaywall and HAL databases were used for the data on Open Access. Only research articles, review articles, and letters with a DOI were taken into account (other types of publications - books, book chapters, conference papers - are a minority).

     

    Open access rate evolution (for 2016-2020 publications)

    Institut Pasteur - Institut Pasteur's Open Science Monitor - Open access rate evolution (for 2016-2020 publications)

    The Open Access rate is not steady and increases by several points through time. Nevertheless, the rate for 2020 publications is already higher by 3 points than the rate for 2019 publications, which was 82% at the same date.

    The 2020 rate should keep increasing because some publishers make publications on their website free to read after a 6-to-24-month embargo period.

     

    [1] Monitoring Open Access at a national level: French case study, https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02141819.

    [2] The code is open source on gitlab: https://gitlab.com/Cthulhus_Queen/barometre_scienceouverte_universitedelorraine/.

    [3] HAL data are exported with ExtrHAL.

     

    Open Science newsletter

    Every two weeks, the Open Science newsletter will provide you information and shed light on developments, challenges and new practices in three key areas of Open Science: scientific publishing in the age of Open Access, data and software management and sharing, research evaluation and planning.

     

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