The "Collection de l’Institut Pasteur" (CIP) was created by Dr Binot, who first began to collect strains in 1892. Freeze-drying was first used for strain conservation for the CIP towards the 1950s.
The CIP is the largest collection of the "Institut Pasteur" in terms of volume. In 2015, there are 12000 bacterialstrains and new ones are regularly being integrated.
The mission of the CIP is to ensure the maintenance and enlargement of the collection of bacteria or virus by means of collaboration with scientists from the "Institut Pasteur" Institute and the deposit of strains by French and foreign researchers. The CIP is in charge of providing information about the distributed strains (properties, storage, identification etc.). It also carries out research into strain identification, taxonomy and storage (and is involved in the teaching of various courses.)
The CIP was certified from 1998, according to referential frame ISO 9002, then in 2001 according to referential frame ISO 9001 version 2000 and in 2009 according to NF 96 900 standard.
Domain of certification: acquisition, production, preservation and distribution of bacterial strains, spores and plasmides.
Strain collection at the time of Louis Pasteur
In 1992, the CIP joined the World Federation for Culture Collections (WFCC) and is now registered under number 759 in the World Data Centre for Microorganisms ( WDCM)
In 1995, the CIP became part of the Microbial Information Network in Europe (MINE) and joined the European Culture Collections’ Organisation (ECCO) in 1996
The CIP also belongs to CABRI network (Common Access to Biological Resources and Information) EBRCN network (European Biological Resource Centres Network), MIRRI (Microbial Resource Research Infrastructure) and EMBRIC (European Marine Biological Resource Infrastructure Cluster)
Head of Unit:
O. Chesneau - D. Clermont – R. Hurtado-Ortiz
S. Coutellier - O. Mwana
M.T. Gomard - M.G.Goly
S. Hamon - E. Muhle
Any comments or questions concerning the CIP,
please write to firstname.lastname@example.org
Storage of bacterial strains
The strains are preserved and stored by freeze-drying or freezing at - 80 °C or -196 °C in liquid nitrogen
As much as possible, CIP is organized with two different types of conservation and storage for each strain.
Strain collection where are preserved the bacterial lyophilisats
Strains are named according to the most recent valid names in the list of bacterial names with standing in nomenclatures (J.P. Euzeby) and on the DSMZ (Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen) site. http://www.dsmz.de
The names used (Skerman et al., 1980) have all been approved and published since 1980 in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.) and since 2000 in the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology (Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.)
If the strain has not yet been validated or published in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, the Latin name assigned to the strain is placed in inverted commas.
Example : "Haemophilus agni" Kennedy et al.
Following informations is available:
The year :
It corresponds to the year of validation of the species.
This is the last denomination before the change of nomenclature.
For further information concerning changes of nomenclature, please consult the following sites: List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclatures (J.P. Euzeby) and DSMZ: bacterial nomenclature. http://ijs.sgmjournals.org
Group of risk:
This group of risk is based on the list published in the Official Journal of the European Communities, Directive 2000/54/CE of the European Parliament and the Council dated September 18, 2000.
The Recording number in the collection:
The letter "T" following the collection number of the strain indicates that the strain concerned is a standard strain.
Special conditions are applied for the distribution of strains marked ’ X’ and ’ XX’.