Venezuela

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Routine vaccination

Vaccinations included in the vaccination schedule to be updated

Hepatitis A

1 injection two weeks before departure, booster 1 to 3 (5) years later. Children: aged ≥1 year.

Yellow fever

Vaccine only available at international vaccination centers

Vaccination is generally not recommended for travelers whose itineraries are limited to the following areas: the entire states of Aragua, Carabobo, Miranda, Vargas and Yaracuy, and the Federal District, unless there is a risk of exposure to mosquito bites.

Vaccination is not recommended for travelers whose itineraries are limited to the following areas: all areas above 2,300m in elevation in Mérida, Táchira and Trujillo states; Falcon and Lara states; Margarita Island; and the cities of Caracas and Valencia.

Vaccination schedule: 1 injection at least 10 days before departure. 

Children: from 9 months (between 6 and 9 months only in special circumstances).

Administrative protection: lifelong.

Following a World Health Organization decision, the International Health Regulations have been amended and the term of validity of a yellow fever vaccination certificate, previously 10 years, has now been extended to the life of the person vaccinated; However, according to the Opinion of the French High Council for Public Health (HCSP), yellow fever booster vaccinations are still recommended for:

  • Children who were vaccinated under the age of 2: a second dose from the age of 6 in the event of further travel to a yellow fever endemic region;
  • Women whose primary vaccination was during pregnancy, people with HIV and immunodeficient patients vaccinated in the conditions outlined in the report by the French High Council for Public Health (HCSP): a second dose 10 years later;
  • People who were vaccinated against yellow fever more than 10 years ago: a second dose if an outbreak has been reported in the country visited.

Hepatitis B

For long or frequent trips
Two injections one month apart
Booster 6 months later

When protection is needed as early as possible (with almost imminent departure), an accelerated schedule of three injections within a short interval and a fourth dose 1 year later is feasible, in adults only.

Meningococcal meningitis

For long trips in close contact with local people or during outbreaks.

Rabies

For long trips to isolated areas
Children: as soon as they can walk

Typhoid

For long trips or in conditions of poor hygiene
Children: aged ≥2 years

Malaria Prevention

Transmission all year round in the rural areas of the states of Amazonas, Anzoátegui, Bolívar and Delta Amacuro. Low risk in the states of Apure, Monagas, Sucre and Zulia. The risk of P. falciparum malaria is mainly confined to municipalities in the jungle regions of the states of Amazonas (Alto Orinoco, Atabapo, Atures, Autana and Manapiare) and Bolívar (Cedeño, El Callao, Heres, Gran Sabana, Piar, Raúl Leoni, Roscio, Sifontes and Sucre). There is no risk of malaria in Caracas.

Prevention

  • Chemoprophylaxis with atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline or mefloquine for the rural areas in the regions mentioned
  • Protection against mosquito bites
  • Travelers should immediately seek medical attention if fever occurs when traveling or in the months after their return.

Preventive treatments

Go to the Institut Pasteur Medical Center General Recommendations page.

(Source: Weekly Epidemiological Bulletin [BEH] – Health Recommendations for Travelers).

 

 

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