Recommended vaccinations

Routine vaccination:

Vaccinations included in the vaccination schedule to be updated in particular against diphtheria, tetanus, poliomyelitis and pertussis, as well as measles.

Hepatitis A

Children: aged ≥1 year

Based on your travel plans:

Yellow fever

Vaccination may be considered for travelers to the regions of Bakool, Banaadir, Lower Juba, Lower Shabelle, Bay, Gado, Galgadud, Hiran, Middle Juba and Middle Shabelle if there is a risk of exposure to mosquito bites. It is not recommended for the rest of the country. 

Vaccine only available at international vaccination centers

NB: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for all travelers aged ≥1 year arriving from countries with a risk of yellow fever transmission and all travelers who spend more than 12 hours in transit at an airport in a country where there is a risk of yellow fever transmission. 

Vaccination schedule: 1 injection at least 10 days before departure. 

Children: from 9 months (between 6 and 9 months only in special circumstances).

Administrative protection: lifelong.

Following a World Health Organization decision, the International Health Regulations have been amended and the term of validity of a yellow fever vaccination certificate, previously 10 years, has now been extended to the life of the person vaccinated; However, according to the Opinion of the French High Council for Public Health (HCSP), yellow fever booster vaccinations are still recommended for:

  • Children who were vaccinated under the age of 2: a second dose from the age of 6 in the event of further travel to a yellow fever endemic region;
  • Women whose primary vaccination was during pregnancy, people with HIV and immunodeficient patients vaccinated in the conditions outlined in the report by the French High Council for Public Health (HCSP): a second dose 10 years later;
  • People who were vaccinated against yellow fever more than 10 years ago: a second dose if an outbreak has been reported in the country visited.

Hépatite B

For long or frequent trips

Two injections one month apart

Booster 6 months later

When protection is needed as early as possible (with almost imminent departure), an accelerated schedule of three injections within a short interval and a fourth dose 1 year later is feasible, in adults only.

Meningococcal meningitis

For long trips in close contact with local people or during outbreaks.


For long trips to isolated areas.

Children: as soon as they can walk.


For long trips or in conditions of poor hygiene.

Children: aged ≥2 years.

Malaria prevention

Transmission all year round throughout the country: high risk in the center and south of the country; low seasonal risk (rainy season) in the north.


  • Chemoprophylaxis with atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline or mefloquine in the regions mentioned
  • Protection against mosquito bites
  • Travelers should immediately seek medical attention if fever occurs when traveling or in the months after their return.

Preventive treatments

Go to the Institut Pasteur Medical Center General Recommendations page.

(Source: Weekly Epidemiological Bulletin [BEH] – Health Recommendations for Travelers).

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