Brazil

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Recommended vaccinations

Routine vaccination:

Vaccinations included in the vaccination schedule to be updated

Hepatitis A

1 injection two weeks before departure, booster 1 to 3 (5) years later

Children: aged ≥1 year.

Yellow fever

Vaccine only available at international vaccination centers.  

NB: A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for all travelers aged ≥1 year arriving from countries with a risk of yellow fever transmission and all travelers who spend more than 12 hours in transit at an airport in a country where there is a risk of yellow fever transmission.

Vaccination is recommended for travelers aged ≥9 months to the states of Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Federal District (including the capital, Brasília), Goiás, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Pará, Rondônia, Roraima and Tocantins, and designated areas in the following states: Bahia, Paraná, Piauí, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina and São Paulo. Vaccination is also recommended for travelers to Iguazu Falls.

  • Vaccination is not recommended for travelers whose itineraries are limited to areas not listed above, including the cities of Fortaleza, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and São Paulo. Vaccination schedule: 1 injection at least 10 days before departure Children: from 9 months (between 6 and 9 months only in special circumstances)
  • Administrative protection: lifelong
    Following a World Health Organization decision, the International Health Regulations have been amended and the term of validity of a yellow fever vaccination certificate, previously 10 years, has now been extended to the life of the person vaccinated; the ten-yearly boosters previously required under the International Health Regulations are therefore no longer necessary. However, according to the Opinion of the French High Council for Public Health (HCSP), yellow fever booster vaccinations are still recommended for:
  • children who were vaccinated under the age of 2: a second dose from the age of 6 in the event of further travel to a yellow fever endemic region;
  • women whose primary vaccination was during pregnancy, people with HIV and immunodeficient patients vaccinated in the conditions outlined in the report by the French High Council for Public Health (HCSP): a second dose 10 years later;
  • people who were vaccinated against yellow fever more than 10 years ago: a second dose if an outbreak has been reported in the country visited.

Based on your travel plans:

    Hepatitis B

    For long or frequent trips

    Two injections one month apart

    Booster 6 months later

    When protection is needed as early as possible (with almost imminent departure), an accelerated schedule of three injections within a short interval and a fourth dose 1 year later is feasible, in adults only.

    Rabies

    For long trips to isolated areas

    Children: as soon as they can walk

    Typhoid

    For long trips or in conditions of poor hygiene

    Children: aged ≥2 years

    Malaria prevention

    Transmission in states within Amazônia Legal: Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, west of Maranhão, north of Mato Grosso, Pará (except the city of Belém), Rondônia, Roraima and Tocantins. There is a risk of P. vivax transmission in other geographical areas.

    Prevention:

    • Chemoprophylaxis with atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline or mefloquine for the Amazônia Legal areas indicated
    • Protection against mosquito bites

    Travelers should immediately seek medical attention if fever occurs when traveling or in the months after their return.

    Preventive treatments

    Go to the Institut Pasteur Medical Center General Recommendations page.

    (Source: Weekly Epidemiological Bulletin [BEH] – Health Recommendations for Travelers)

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