Résumé de : FAYE (O), CORNET (JP), CAMICAS (JL), FONTENILLE (D) & GONZALEZ (JP) - 1999 - Transmission expérimentale du virus de la fièvre hémorragique de Crimée-Congo, place de trois espèces vectrices dans les cycles de maintenance au Sénégal. Parasite, 6 (1), pp. 27-32.


In this article, we published the role of three species of ticks Amblyomma variegatum (Fabricius, 1974), Hyalomma marginatum rufipes (Koch, 1844) and Hyalomma truncatum (Koch, 1844) in the maintenance and transmission of the CCHF virus. The imagos of these species were infected by intracoelomic route. Vertical transmission (transtasial and transovarial) and horizontal transmission for different stases were studied by isolation on newborn mice, polymerase chain reaction, indirect immunofluorescence and ELISA. Our results proved that 15 days after inoculation, infection rates of 100% were noted with Hyalomma marginatum rufipes and Hyalomma truncatum. This rate is about 60% for Amblyomma variegatum. The imagos of the three species infected have transmitted the virus to their host during blood feeding (100%). A high transovarial transmission for Hyalomma marginatum rufipes and Hyalomma truncatum were observed (respectively 53 and 50%). This rate is about 12% for Amblyomma variegatum. The tick infection does not persist up to the first generation for the three species studied. Ticks are temporary reservoirs vectors but not permanent reservoirs of CCHF virus.