Résumé de : CAMICAS (JL), CORNET (JP), GONZALEZ (JP), WILSON (ML), ADAM (F.) & ZELLER (HG) - 1994 - La Fièvre Hémorragique de Crimée-Congo au Sénégal. Dernières données sur l'écologie du virus CCHF. Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique, 87 (1), pp. 11-16.


The authors finalize the knowledge on the ecology of the CCHF virus in Senegal, West Africa. They specify two new major data for the understanding of the viral ecology in West Africa. The recognition of a bird species, common and widely distributed in Senegal (Tockus erythrorhynchus, Coraciiformes, Bucerotidae), that replicates the virus and infects the immature stages of its current parasite Hyalomma marginatum rufipes in more than 90% of the cases, explains why the minimum infection rate of the adults of this species of tick is always very high. The implication of Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi in the viral ecology and/or a high efficiency of the transovarial transmission of the virus in Hy. m. rufipes would help to explain the maintenance of the endemy in the sahelian area. In the sahelian zone, Hy. marginatum rufipes must play the leading part, together with Rh. e. evertsi if vector, for the maintenance of the endemy. Hy. truncatum, the adults of which can readily bite man, ensures the vectorial transmission to him. In the sudanian zone, Amblyomma variegatum must play the same part as the Hyalomma and Rh. e. evertsi (if vector), and is surely the main vector to man, giving perhaps rise to less virulent strains (non hemorrhagic ones).