Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus was inoculated into West African sheep that were simultaneously infested with adult Hyalomma truncatum ticks. Certain sheep developed a viraemia and antibodies, indicating virus infection and replication; however, the length and magnitude of the viraemia and serological responses corresponded to the animals' immunological status. Tick attachment and feeding was not influenced by sheep infection. CCHF virus infection was acquired by 11-33% of female and 0-60% of male ticks. Infection in the ticks did not influence their feeding success, as judged by weight at drop-off, and the weight of eggs produced by infected and non-infected ticks was similar. Transovarial transmission of CCHF virus was demonstrated in 2 of 12 (17%) egg batches from infected female ticks, but in none of 19 egg batches from ticks that tested negative for CCHF virus. Our results suggest that under certain ecological conditions, sheep may serve to amplify CCHF virus in nature through horizontal transmission and that the maintenance cycle also may be influenced by transovarial transmission to the next generation of ticks.