DI 98/01, DI 00/48
Mutant mice deleted for different nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits
Inventors: Jean-Pierre CHANGEUX et al.
Description of invention:
The present ready-to-use animal models can be used to analyze the role of nicotine in learning and behaviour, the pharmacology of nicotine, nicotine addiction, and disease states involving deficits in the nicotinic system. In addition, potential therapies for nicotine addiction or deficits in the nicotinic system can be tested with the transgenic animals.
In the nervous central system, nicotine has been described to be involved in:
Addictions (tobacco, alcohol, cocaine …)
Many aspects of behavior including learning, memory, control of locomotion and social behavior (ADHD and autism)
Some neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s dementia
The pharmacological and behavioral effects of nicotine involve the neuronal acetylcholine nicotinic receptor (nAChRs), but many of the underlying mechanisms remain unclear.
Two mouse models are now available at Institut Pasteur:
Alpha6 nAChR subunit Knockout
Alpha4 nAChR subunit Knockout
Alpha6 nAChR subunit Knockout Mouse Model (ACNA6) is available
Detection of α6 mRNA in the brain of Wt and α6 -/- animals, by in situ hybridization with an oligonucleotide located in the sixth exon of the α6 gene. In Wt animals, α6 mRNA is detected in SN/VTA neurons, LC and RGC. No signal above background levels is detected in α6 -/- animals. Champtiaux et al 2002
• Unable to maintain intra-venous self-administration of nicotine
• Parkinson’s disease is characterized by a selective degeneration of substantia nigra dopaminergic neurons
• α6 knock out mice could provide a useful tool for designing nicotine-like drugs to prevent Parkinson’s disease and nicotine addiction, while trying to limit cardiovascular risks associated.
Champtiaux et al. J Neurosci 2002, 2003; Pons et al., J Neurosci 2008
European patent published on July 04th, 2003 as EP1315417
Alpha4 nAChR subunit Knockout Mouse Model (ACNA4) is available
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