SEMINARS

2011/2012 Program

Infection & Epidemiology Department Seminars
The control of infectious diseases: eradication and missed opportunities
 
Organized by A. Opinel (Pharmacoepidemiolgy and Infectious Diseases/UVSQ EA449/INSERM U657) and M. Garenne (Epidemiology of Emerging Diseases), Infection & Epidemiology Department, Institut Pasteur
 
Venue: Institut Pasteur, 25 rue du Dr Roux 75015 Paris, Metchnikoff, building, ground floor, Jules BORDET room at 2 p.m.
 
These seminars are based on case studies of one or several similar diseases and their control strategies. Infectious disease control has resulted in diverse situations: complete elimination (smallpox, polio), almost complete elimination of mortality and morbidity (cholera, tetanus) or decreases to a very low level (syphilis, malaria). Control requires a combination of scientific and technical skills (knowledge of the microbe, the way in which it is transmitted, its impact and possibilities for control), a political will (risk perception and a desire to act) and an economic support (funding). These three questions are interrelated and will be tackled during the seminars, which will focus on both successful experiments and missed opportunities. The problem of vaccination will be raised: is eradication possible in the absence of a vaccine? Why can’t we control vector-borne diseases with anti-vector measures alone?
 
Risk perception will be highlighted. How can we determine the vaccine risk/disease risk balance? It will be interesting to address the mechanisms underlying controversies in decision-making for public health. Is there a dark side to public health? Finally, it is essential to consider economic questions and questions relating to the role of health economists. Would it be correct to expect public health profitability and a return on investment in the control of infectious diseases?
 
19 January 2012
Jean-Philippe Chippaux (IRD and Université Paris-Descartes)
The laborious eradication of guinea worm disease
 
16 February 2012
Jean-François Guégan (IRD, EHESP)
Natural capacities of pathogenic organisms to persist in the environment, or the concept of eradication revisited
 
22 March 2012
John Edmunds (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine)
Vaccination risks and epidemic risks
 
5 April 2012
Frédéric Keck (CNRS)
Sentinels or guinea pigs? Vaccination campaigns against H1N1 and bluetongue in France in 2009
 
3 May 2012
Benoît Dervaux (Université "Droit et Santé", Lille 2)
The part of economical evaluations in the definition of infectious diseases control stratégies

10 May 2012 
Christian Perronne (Hôpital Raymond-Poincaré, Garches et CSMT/Haut Conseil de la Santé publique)
Difficulties in the implementation of vaccination policies at the national and international levels

24 May 2012
Jean-Claude Manuguerra (Institut Pasteur)
From the creation of veterinary schools in order to fight Rinderpest, to its eradication : 1761-2011

7 June 2012
Florence Ribadeau Dumas (Institut Pasteur)
Eradication and Public Health decision : which criteria to take into account ?
The case of rabies

21 June 2012
Tamara Giles-Vernick (Institut Pasteur)
Controlling the indeterminate: prospectives on hepatitis B and childhood vaccination in West and Central Africa
Dernière mise à jour : 20 septembre 2013