Drosophila Developmental Genetics

Drosophila Developmental Genetics (URA CNRS 2578)

francois1
We study how individual cells acquire their fate in the context of a whole organism, using Drosophila as a model system. Our research aims at deciphering the molecular mechanisms underlying selection, maintenance, self-renewal and/or differentiation of multipotent progenitor cells. Our research is centred around the role and regulation of Notch receptor signaling in specifying cell fates in two simple lineages.

The adult sensory organ precursor cell (SOP) lineage is a simple and well-characterized lineage. We study how SOPs are singled out via lateral inhibition, a patterning process mediated by Notch, from groups of equipotent cells endowed with the potential to become SOPs. Once specified, each SOP follows a stereotyped serie of four asymmetric divisions. At each division, binary fate decisions rely on the unequal segregation at mitosis of Numb, an endocytic adaptor protein that acts as an antagonist of Notch receptor signaling, and Neuralized, an E3 ubiquitin ligase that regulates the signaling activity of the Notch ligand Delta. We study how Numb and Neuralized are unequally inherited during asymmetric cell division. We investigate how Neuralized regulates the endocytosis signaling activity of Delta. We also study how the activity of Neuralized is controlled in time and space by inhibitors of the Bearded family. The role of ligand endocytosis in Notch receptor activation is further studied in the context of wing development. In this developmental setting, the E3 ubiquitin ligase Mindbomb1 regulates the endocytosis and signaling activity of the two Notch ligands, Delta and Serrate.

More recently, Notch signaling was shown to regulate tissue homeostasis in the adult gut by regulating self-renewal and differentiation of adult intestinal stem cell (ISC) lineage. ISCs divide to produce one self-renewed ISC and one post-mitotic cell that becomes an absorptive enterocyte or a secretory enteroendocrine cell. We currently investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying maintenance, self-renewal and/or differentiation of ISCs in adult flies.

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