Berthe Kolochine-Erber (1890-1968)
French biologist, born on Dec.28, 1890, in Romainville (Seine-Saint-Denis, France) ; Bachelor of Science.
1916 (Sept) Entered the Institut Pasteur as a research assistant at the laboratory of serology, microbiology and experimental hygien under L. Martin as well as at the microbiology course ("petit cours").
1918 Appointed as special assistant to the secretary of the French Society of Biology ( A. Pettit, then J. Joly) for recording the proceedings.
1919 Entered A. Pettit's laboratory, as a research assistant then named as Head of Laboratory ; she devoted herself to the study of Leptospira and leptospirosis disease ; with G. Abt, conducted research on titration by flocculation of tetanus and diphtheria toxins and antitoxins ; with A. Pettit, P. Mollaret and Hosselel, conducted research on poliomyelitis.
1923 Studied the in vitro effects of serum from several mammals and inferior vertebrates on trypanosome cultures, following the injection of peptone.
1933 Obtained the Bouchard prize from the French Society of Biology. 1934-1958 Entered R. Dujarric de la Rivière's laboratory at the Institut Pasteur where she specialized in Leptospira research and, as such, gained international recognition ; she developed a specific agglutination test for the serological diagnosis of leptospirosis and used it for a large number of medical examinations that were requested by hospitals, clinics and analysis laboratories, all over the world.
1934 After ten years of research (1923-1932), published her work about icterohemorrhagic spirochetosis in France titled "La spirochétose ictéro-hémorragique en France" in the monthly bulletin of the international Office of Public Health.
1936 As a rapporteur, attended the 3rd. international Meeting for Comparative Pathology, Athens.
1940-1945 During First World War, developed culture media and methods for continuing growing Leptospira strains.
1941 Named as Head of Laboratory, "première classe", at the Institut Pasteur.
1952 Published a report about leptospirosis in France from 1933 to 1952 in the review La Semaine des Hôpitaux.
1958-1968 Became an associated member at the international Subcommittee on the Taxonomy of Leptospira.
1959 Named as Department Head Emeritus ; Although retired, she continued to conduct research ; commenced research on human and animal leptospirosis in Morocco.
1960 At the 4th international Meeting for Clinical Pathology in Madrid, she gave a lecture about the porcine leptospirosis in France and its consequence on human and veterinary medicine.
1962 With M. Mailloux, published a monograph about the physiology and the metabolism of Leptospira, titled "Physiologie et métabolisme des leptospires".
1966 Elected as adviser at the international Subcommittee on the Taxonomy of Leptospira.
1968 On June 10, died at the Pasteur hospital in Paris, from a heart attack.
Collaborators : G. Abt, L. Ascione, G. Blanc, B. Chauchard, Goret, L. Grollet, Hosselel, M. Janbon, R.A. Lefèbvre des Noettes, P. Lépine, M. Mailloux, J. Michaud, P. Mollaret, Monnerot-Dumaine, A. Pettit, C. Pilet, M. Quet, G. Ramon, P. Rossi, C. Seigneuric, J. Sifferlin, N. Solier, G. Stefanopoulo, J. Troisier, Mme Virat, J. Wiart.
Biographical reference tools :
s.a., Madame Kolochine-Erber..., 5 p. dact. (archives Institut Pasteur, KOL.)
Service des Archives de l'Institut Pasteur