The Pasteur Museum is housed in the apartment where Louis Pasteur spent his final seven years and offers a rare behind-the-scenes look at the living and working environment of the world-renowned scientist. Visitors can gain a unique insight into his everyday life alongside his wife and can admire his rich and diverse scientific work.
The Institut Pasteur’s scientific strategy focuses on developing original and innovative topics and promoting interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary cooperation and approaches. The Institut Pasteur teams have access to the technological resources needed to speed up and further improve the quality of their outstanding research.
Ever since the introduction of the world’s first "Technical Microbiology" course in 1889, teaching has been a priority for the Institut Pasteur. The Institut Pasteur has an international reputation for quality teaching that attracts students from all over the world who come to further their training or top up their degree programs.
With international courses, PhD and postdoctoral traineeship, each institute of the Institut Pasteur International Network (RIIP) contributes to the transmission of knowledge with the training of young researchers all around the world. In this context, doctoral and postdoctoral programmes, study and traineeship fellowships are available to scientists. Alongside training, dynamism and attractiveness of RIIP will result in the creation of 4-year group for the young researchers.
Hearing is the sense of communication. It is a necessary condition to the learning of any vocal exchange within a species, including oral language in humans.
An open mouse cochlea: the V-shaped structures are the hair bundles, the antenna of the auditory hair cells.
The cochlea, the mammalian auditory sensory organ, is an electroacoustic organ with extreme potentials. The human cochlea detects an acoustic energy as low as about 10 times the thermal noise and covering 12 orders of magnitude. It responds to a spectrum of frequencies extending up to 10 octaves with a frequency discrimination that can reach 1/1000. The cochlea associates three functions: - a microphonic function, that is, an acoustico-electrical transduction operating in microseconds, - a frequency analyser activity and - an amplifier function. The working principles of the cochlea have been elucidated since the 19th century, mainly by physicists. However, at the beginning of the 1990s, the way in which it differentiates and works at the molecular level was still entirely unknown. Christine Petit considered the genetic approach as the fast track to gain access to the molecular mechanisms of the cochlear development and functioning and choose to address it in humans. As a result, she pioneered with her colleagues, the field of human hereditary deafness (identification of the causative genes and pathogenesis) and protein networks underlying cochlear physiology.